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List of cryptids

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Cryptids are animals that cryptozoologists believe may exist somewhere in the wild, but whose present existence is disputed or unsubstantiated by science. Cryptozoology is a pseudoscience, which primarily looks at anecdotal stories, and other claims rejected by the scientific community. While biologists regularly identify new species following established scientific methodology, cryptozoologists focus on entities mentioned in the folklore record and rumor. Entities that may be considered cryptids by cryptozoologists include Bigfoot, Yeti, the chupacabra, the Jersey Devil, the Loch Ness Monster, and the Mokele-mbembe.

Scholars have noted that the cryptozoology subculture rejected mainstream approaches from an early date, and that adherents often express hostility to mainstream science. Scholars have studied cryptozoologists and their influence (including the pseudoscience's association with Young Earth creationism), noted parallels in cryptozoology and other pseudosciences such as ghost hunting and ufology, and highlighted uncritical media propagation of cryptozoologist claims.


Aquatic or semi-aquatic

Name Other Names Description Purported Location Depiction
Cadborosaurus Caddy Sea animal Pacific Coast of North America Cadborosaurus October 1937.jpg
Champ Champy Lake monster Lake Champlain, North America Artistic representation of Sandra Mansi's 1977 photograph of "Champ" lake monster.jpg
Cryptid Whales Giglioli's Whale, Rhinoceros dolphin, High-finned sperm whale, Alula whale, Unidentified beaked whales Sea animal Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean Amphiptera pacifica.jpg
Dobhar-chú Water Hound Extra-large otter-like carnivorous aquatic mammal Ireland Dobhar-chu encounter.jpg
Igopogo Kempenfelt Kelly Lake monster Lake Simcoe, Ontario (Canada)
Isshii Issie Lake monster Japan
Labynkyr Devil Labynkyrsky Chert Lake monster Oymyakonsky Ulus, Sakha Republic, Russia
Loch Ness Monster Nessie Lake monster Loch Ness, Scotland Sculpture of the Loch Ness monster as a plesiosaurus
Loveland Frog Loveland frogman, Loveland lizard Humanoid frog Loveland, Ohio Loveland frog.png
Lusca Giant Octopus Blue holes in the Bahamas
Mamlambo Lake monster South Africa
Manipogo Winnipogo Lake monster Lake Manitoba, Canada
Megalodon Otodus megalodon Giant Shark Oceans
Mokele-mbembe Dinosaur (lake, river and/or swamp monster) Republic of the Congo Mokele-mbembe ill artlibre jnl.png
Ningen Humanoid Subantarctic Ningen.jpg
Ogopogo N'ha•a•itk, Naitaka Lake monster Lake Okanagan, Canada OgoPogo crop.jpg
Sea serpents Sea animals, dinosaurs All bodies of water Soe Orm 1555.jpg
Selma Seljordsormen Lake monster Lake Seljord, Telemark, Norway
Seljord komm.svg
Steller's sea ape Sea animal Pacific Ocean
Animal drawings collected by Felix Platter, p1 - (31).jpg


Name Other names Description Purported location Depiction
Almas Abnauayu, almasty, albasty, bekk-bok,
biabin-guli, golub-yavan, gul-biavan, auli-avan,
kaptar, kra-dhun, ksy-giik, ksy-gyik, ochokochi,
mirygdy, mulen, voita, wind-man, Zana
Non-human ape or hominid Asia/Caucasus
Amomongo Orang Mawas, Impakta Ape or hominid Negros Occidental, Philippines
Barmanou Barmanu, Big Hairy One Ape or hominid Middle East/Asia
Beast of Bodmin Moor Large felid Cornwall, England
Beast of Exmoor Big cat England
Bigfoot Sasquatch Large and hairy ape-like creature United States and Canada Pie Grande.jpg
British big cats Alien big cats (ABCs), phantom cats, mystery cats, English lions,
Beast of Bodmin, Beast of Exmoor
Carnivorous mammal Great Britain
Bukit Timah Monkey Man BTM, BTMM Forest-dwelling hominid or other primate Singapore
Chuchunya Large hominid Russia
Chupacabra Chupacabras (Spanish for goat-sucker) Puerto Rico (originally),
South and Central America,
Southern North America
Chupacabra (artist's rendition).jpg
Dover Demon Dover, Massachusetts
Fouke Monster Jonesville Monster, Southern Sasquatch, Boggy Creek Monster Hominid or other primate Arkansas, United States
Honey Island Swamp monster Letiche, Tainted Keitre Hominid or other primate Louisiana, United States
Iemisch Iemisch Listai Mix of a Jaguar and Otter Patagonia
Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp Lizard Man of Lee County Bipedal South Carolina, United States
Mapinguari Mapinguary Giant Ground Sloth or primate Amazons Megatherium americanum by sphenaphinae.png
Michigan Dogman Humanoid dog Wexford County, Michigan
Minhocão Big Earthworm Caecilian South America
Moa Flightless bird New Zealand
Mongolian death worm Allghoi (or orghoi) khorkhoi Worm-like animal Gobi Desert (Asia) Allghoikhorkhoi.jpg
Monkey-man of Delhi Black Monkey Big black monkey Old Delhi, India
Nandi bear Chemosit, Kerit, Koddoelo, Ngoelo, Ngoloko, Duba Large carnivore Eastern Africa
Nittaewo Nittevo Small hominids Sri Lanka
Queensland Tiger Yarri Large feline Queensland
Skunk ape Stink Ape, Myakka Ape, Myakka Skunk Ape Primate Florida, United States
Thylacine Tasmanian Tiger, Tasmanian Wolf Marsupial Australia, New Guinea Thylacinus.jpg
Yeren Yiren, Yeh Ren, Chinese Wildman Primate (possible hominin) China
Yeti Abominable Snowman Large and hairy human-like entity, various other descriptions Himalayas (Asia) B5bugerbear.jpg
Yowie Large and hairy human-like entity, various other descriptions Australia Yowie-statue-Kilcoy-Queensland.JPG
Zanzibar leopard Large feline Zanzibar Panthera pardus adersi.jpg


Name Other names Description Purported location Depiction
Ivory-billed woodpecker Woodpecker Arkansas, Louisiana, and Florida Ivory-billed Woodpecker by Jerry A. Payne.jpg
Jersey Devil Leeds Devil Winged bipedal horse United States, mainly the South Jersey Pine Barrens, as well as other parts of New Jersey and southeastern Pennsylvania Jersey Devil Philadelphia Post 1909.jpg
Mothman Winged Man, Bird Man, UFO-Bird, Mason Bird Monster Winged bipedal Mason County, West Virginia, United States Mothman Artist's Impression.png
Thunderbird Giant bird North America Vintage Thunderbird latch hooked rug.jpg

See also


External links

  • The dictionary definition of cryptid at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Cryptozoology at Wikimedia Commons

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